Jaipur the capital and largest village in the state of Rajasthan, was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amer after whom the city is named. Jaipur is a popular tourist destination and serves as a gateway to other tourist destinations in Rajasthan such as Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Udaipur.
The city, known better now as the ‘Pink City’ because of the color of the stone exclusively used for the construction of all the structures, is an enthralling historical city and the gateway to India’s most flamboyant state.
The city’s colourful, chaotic streets ebb and flow with a heady brew of old and new. In the midst of this mayhem, the splendours of Jaipur’s majestic past are islands of relative calm evoking a different pace and another world.
At the city’s heart, the City Palace continues to house the former royal family; the Jantar Mantar, the royal observatory, maintains a heavenly aspect; and the honeycomb Hawa Mahal gazes on the bazaar below. And just out of sight, in the arid hill country surrounding the city, is the fairy-tale grandeur of Amber Fort, Jaipur’s star attraction.
A complex of courtyards, gardens and buildings, the impressive City Palace is right in the centre of the Old City. The outer wall was built by Jai Singh, but within it the palace has been enlarged and adapted over the centuries. There are palace buildings from different eras, some dating from the early 20th century. Despite the gradual development, the whole is a striking blend of Rajasthani and Mughal architecture.
Chand Baori is a step-well situated in the village of Abhaneri near Jaipur in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is one of the oldest and most attractive landmarks in Rajasthan and was built by King Chanda of the Chauhan Dynasty between AD 800 and AD 900 dedicated to Hashat Mata, Goddess of Joy and Happiness. The state of Rajasthan is extremely arid, and the design and final structure of Chand Baori was intended to conserve as much water as possible. At the bottom of the well, the air remains 5 or 6 degrees cooler than at the surface, and Chand Baori was used as a community gathering place for locals during periods of intense heat. One side of the well even featured a pavilion and resting room for the royals.
Air India Express flies to and from Jaipur to various international destinations.